Individual approach to the correction of physical retardation in children of school age

Written by Kuznetsova N.S., Krukovich E.V., Bondar G.N., Osin A.Ya.

  UDK: 616-056.25-053.5-073:004.38 | Pages: 18–21 | Full text PDF | Open PDF 


Background. Now “the gold standard” for estimating the amount of fat in the organism are radiological absorbtiometry, the magnitoresonance tomography and computer tomography. However these methods have some disadvantages limiting their application in pediatric practice. The method of bioimpedancometry is simple in use, noninvasive, safe. It allows controlling the state of lipid, protein and water exchange and is one of tools of diagnostics and an estimation of efficiency of treatment of the obesity.
Methods. Complex exam of 542 children at the age from 7 till 17 years of the I and II groups of health was done. For the quantitative estimation of structurally-corporal components of the organism the device “DIAMANT-AIST” was used.
Results. The criteria of average (normal), under and over the average indexes of the bioimpedansometry are developed by the multilateral logarithmic regress. The corrected relation of probable possibilities with 98 % confidential interval is counted. In the case example the personified approach to the estimation of physical development is presented.
Conclusions. The individual approach to the use to correction of physical retardation of children of school age under the method of bioimpedansometry allows more precisely, depending on the revealed deviations of the body weight, to suggest the correction and prophylaxis. The developed tables of confidential intervals of bioimpedansometry indicators can be used by pediatricians, general practitioners and dieticians at the estimation of physical development in children and teenagers.

Links to authors:

N.S. Kuznetsova1, E.V. Krukovich2, G.N. Bondar2, A.Ya. Osin2
1 Vladivostok Clinical Diagnostic Centre (131 Svetlanskaya St. Vladivostok 690001 Russian Federation)
2 Pacific State Medical University (2 Ostryakova Ave. Vladivostok 690950 Russian Federation)

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