Quantitative estimation of usage of the short-term incidental buffer of students’ working memory at interaction with the computer

Written by Klochkova O.I.

  UDK: 612.821.2:004.38 | Pages: 93–96 | Full text PDF | Open PDF 


Background. The work purpose was in the description of the mathematical analysis method of optic-spatial mnestic processes in students at interaction with the computer.
Methods. 126 students at the age from 17 till 37 years old of different courses of internal and correspondence branches have taken part in the research (78 female and 48 – male). Middle age of the female examinees was 22.67 years, male’s – 21.58 years old. Students played the position computer game. The parametres quantitatively characterising the short-term components of working memory in three sessions of game were estimated.
Results. The quantity of spatially-visions placed in the short-term incidental buffer in 72 % of examinees did not exceed three. Only in 3 % of cases the quantity of the cognitive references was within 4-6, i.e. was not coordinated with the maximum quantity of portions in the incidental buffer of memory.
Conclusions. The received results in general are coordinated with the multicomponent model of working memory. In the course of the computer game students used its short-term components. The quantity of spatially-visions placed in the short-term incidental buffer of memory in 96 % of students does not exceed four.

Links to authors:

O.I. Klochkova
Pacific State Medical University (2 Ostryakova Ave. Vladivostok 690950 Russian Federation)

1. Baddli A., Ayzek M., Anderson M. Memory / translated from English, edited by T.N. Reznikova. StP.: Piter, 2011. P. 560.
2. Gnezditskiy V.V. Evoked brain potentials in clinical practice. М.: MEDpress-inform, 2003. P. 264.
3. Gnezditskiy V.V. The inverse problem of EEG and Clinical EEG (mapping and localization of the source of the electrical activity of the brain). М.: MEDpress-inform, 2004. P. 624.
4. Dolgunov A.M., Andreeva N.A., Gashev V.V. [et al.] BIS-monitoring in the prevention of cognitive disorders after surgery // Pacific Medical Journal. 2012. No. 4. P. 87–89.
5. Klochkova O.I., Podvyaznikova N.E. Improvement of the computer game “Match” to estimate the parameters of the visual memory and spatial reasoning // Internet and modern society: papers XIII Russian National United Conference. StP., 2010. P. 108–110.
6. Kropotov Yu.D. Кропотов Ю.Д. Quantitative EEG, cognitive evoked potentials of the human brain and neural therapy / translated from English, edited by V.А. Ponomareva. Donetsk: Publisher Zaslavskiy A.Yu., 2010. P. 512.
7. Nikandronov V.V. Psychology: textbook. М.: Volters Kluver, 2009, P. 1008.
8. Basics of mathematics and mathematical statistics / Pavlushkov I.V., Rozovskiy L.V., Kapultsevich A.E. [et al.] М.: GEOTARMedia, 2004. P. 424.
9. Baddeley A.D., Hitch G.J. Working memory // Recent advances in learning and motivation. New York: Academic Press, 1974. Vol. 8. P. 47–89.
10. Brewer J.B., Zuo Zhao, John E. Desmond [et al.] Making memories: brain activity that predicts how well visual experience will be remembered // Science. 1998. Vol. 281. URL: http://www. sciencemag.org (дата обращения 11.04.2014).
11. Cowan N. An embedded-processes model of working memory // Models of working memory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. P. 62–101.
12. Engle R.W., Conway A.R.A., Tuholski S.W. Working memory and retrieval // Working memory and human cognition. New York: Oxford University Press. 1996. P. 89–119.
13. Tulving E., Kapur S., Craik F.I.M. [et al.] Hemispheric encoding/ retrieval asymmetry in episodic memory-positron emission tomography findings // Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA. 1994. Vol. 91, No. 6. P. 2016–2020.


Founded in 1997  |  Editions in a year: 4, Articles in one issue: 30 |  ISSN of print version: 1609-1175  |  Ind.: 18410 (Agency "Rospechat’")  |  Edition: 1000 c.