Home diet during weekends of preschool children

Written by Vazhenina A.A., Petrov V.A., Ivanova I.L.

  UDK: 613.22:613.954 DOI: 10.17238/PmJ1609-1175.2016.3.45–48 | Pages: 45–48 | Full text PDF | Open PDF 


Objective. Questions of home diet during weekends of preschool children require particular consideration as the day regimen alters and causes shifts in diet nature.  Methods. Weekend diet was studied with the interviewing parents in 122 families using a method of 24 hour food replication. Indicators of food and energy value of diets designed with the help of chemical composition tables and calorific value of Russian foods.  Results. It was found excessive consumption of sausages (2 times), poultry (1.6 times) as compared to the recommended levels of consumption, providing rations with pasta and cereals exceeded normalized indicators by 40 and 43 %. There has been a shortage of food basket for the content of fish and fish products, milk and dairy products, cheese and cheese products, potato, fresh fruit, vegetables and herbs. The amount of animal protein is 30.14±1.57 g/day at rated value of 35.10 g/day, vitamin A – less than half the age norm, B vitamins – 75 % of the physiological norms of consumption, vitamin PP preschool children loses 27 %, Ca – 47 % Mg – 14 %.  Conclusions. Feeding preschoolers at home does not meet regulatory requirements in terms of product security, the energy value and chemical composition of homemade diets are characterized by a pronounced imbalance of mineral elements.

Links to authors:

A.A. Vazhenina, V.A. Petrov, I.L. Ivanova
Pacific State Medical University (2 Ostryakova Ave. Vladivostok 690950 Russian Federation)

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