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Arterial stiffness and cerebrovascular blood flow in people of young age in the early stages of hypertension: the impact of tobacco smoking

Written by Vinokurova I.G., Davidovich I.M., Protsyk O.M.

  UDK: 616.12-008.331-053.8-06:613.84 | Pages: 57–60 | Full text PDF | Open PDF 

Annotation:

Objective. We assessed the impact of tobacco smoking on some parameters of arterial stiffness and indicators of cerebrovascular blood flow in young people in the early stages of hypertension.
Methods. We osereved 202 young patients with hypertension stage I–II hypertension and grade 1–2 (of which 77 smokers) and 100 healthy individuals with normal blood pressure (of which 37 were smoking). A comprehensive study of the state of stiffness of the great arteries and cerebrovascular blood flow by ultrasonic method was conducted.
Results. Tobacco smoking and hypertension had a negative impact on the indicators of arterial stiffness, as evidenced by the significantly higher value of pulse wave velocity and cardio-ankle vascular index and no reduction in speed parameters of blood flow in the internal carotid and middle cerebral artery. Smokers and non-smokers with hypertension were decreased the growth of the internal jugular vein area during the Valsalva maneuver.
Conclusions. Tobacco smoking and hypertension have a negative impact on the performance parameters of arterial stiffness and cerebral blood flow in young patients with hypertension of the I–II stage. At the same time the speed of blood flow parameters are largely affected by smoking, and indicators of arterial stiffness of the great arteries and internal jugular veins stretch – high blood pressure.

Links to authors:

I.G. Vinokurova, I.M. Davidovich, O.M. Protsyk
Advisory and Diagnostic Centre ‘Viveya’ (83 Zapadnaya St. Khabarovsk 680000 Russian Federation), Far Eastern State Medical University (35 Muraveva-Amurskogo St. Khabarovsk 680000 Russian Federation)


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