Stroke in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

Written by Stakhovskaya L.V., Shprakh V.V., Klochihina O.A., Surzha T.I.

  UDK: 616.831–005.1–036(571.64) | Pages: 87–90 | Full text PDF | Open PDF 


Objective. Research of incidence and mortality rates of stroke in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk town for the period 2009–2016.
Methods. The research in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk for the years 2009– 2016 is conducted on the basis of the population-based register using international MONICA (1985–1995) research protocol. The cases in their acute period were analyzed – first 28 days for the age group 25–74 years
Results. Town population was 131, 931 yearly considering annual migration. All 2,619 cases of stroke were registered, 1,589 among women and 1030 among men. The incidence rate in 2009 was 4.43 cases for 1,000 persons (95 % CI, 4.14–4.72) and 3.44 cases in 2016 (95 % CI, 3.2–3.68). The incidence rate among women were 1.87 (95 % CI, 1.7–2.04) and 1.10 (95 % CI, 0.97– 1.23) for the years 2009 and 2016, respectively. Incidence rates in 2016 among men decreased by 34 % and among women by 53 %. We showed the redaction the mortality rate from stroke among men by 60 %. The mortality rate from stroke among women showed fluctuations during the 8-year period without certain dynamic. Conclusion. Reductionthe incidence rate of stroke among men and womenand themortality rate from stroke among men were the results of complex measures for the prevention of stroke. For the effective management of strokes necessary to analyze risk factors taking into account gender.

Links to authors:

L.V. Stakhovskaya1, V.V. Shprakh2, O.A. Klochihina1, T.I. Surzha3
1 Russian National Research Medical University by N. I. Pirogov (1 Оstrovityanova Ave. Моskow 117997 Russian Federation),
2 Irkutsk State Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education (100 Yubileyny m-t Irkutsk 664079 Russian Federation),
3 Regional Hospital of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk (430 Mira St. Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, 693004 Russian Federation)

1. Ayriyan N.Yu. Analysis of epidemiological stroke monitoring data in Russian Federation: Thesis PhD (Medicine). Moscow, 2006. 24 p.
2. Gusev E.I., Skvortsova V.I., Stakhovskaya L.V. [et al.]. Stroke epidemiology in Russia: acts of the 1 Russian International Congress “Cerebral, vascular pathology and stroke” // Journal of Neurology and Psychiatry named after S.S. Korsakov. 2003. No. S9. P. 114.
3. Béjot Y., Bailly H., Durier J. [et al.]. Epidemiology of stroke in Europe and trends for the 21st century // Presse Med. 2016. No. 45. P. 391–398.
4. Gbiri C.A., Olawale O.A., Isaac S.O. Stroke management: Informal caregivers› burdens and strians of caring for stroke survivors// Ann. Phys. Rehabil. Med. 2015. Vol. 58, No. 2. P. 98–103.
5. Haast R. A., Gustafson D.R., Kiliaan A.J. Sex differences in stroke // J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. 2012. Vol. 32, No. 12. Р. 2100–2107.
6. Heitsch L.E., Panagos P.D. Treating the elderly stroke patient: complications, controversies, and best care metrics // Clin. Geriatr. Med. 2013. Vol. 29, No. 1. P. 231–255.
7. Lynda L., Cheryl B. Stroke risk in women: the role of menopause and hormone therapy // The Lancet Neurology. 2012. Vol. 11, No. 1. Р. 82–91.
8. Sarti C., Stegmayr B., Tolonen H. [et al.]. Are changes in mortality from stroke caused by changes in stroke event rates or case fatality? Results from the WHO MONICA project // Stroke. 2003. Vol. 34. P. 1833–1841.
9. Wang W., Shinohara Y., Witt E. [et al.]. Global and regional burden of stroke during 1990–2010: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 // Lancet. 2014. No. 383 (9913). P. 245–254.
10. WHO STEPS Stroke manual: The WHO STEP wise approach to stroke surveillance. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2006. URL: http://www.who.int/chp/steps/Manual.pdf (date of access: 25.11.2017).


Founded in 1997  |  Editions in a year: 4, Articles in one issue: 30 |  ISSN of print version: 1609-1175  |  Ind.: 18410 (Agency "Rospechat’")  |  Edition: 1000 c.