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Influence of drug addiction prevalence rate among Primorskiy Territory population on manifestations of the epidemic process of HIV infection

Written by E.S. Pozdeeva, R.V. Omelchenko, Yu.N. Nikitina, M.S. Kornilov

  UDK: [616.89–008.441.33:616–097–022:578]:614.44(571.63) | Pages: 64–68 | Full text PDF | Open PDF 

Annotation:

Objective. The epidemiological assessment of influence of drug addiction prevalence rate among Primorskiy Territory population on manifestations of the epidemic process of HIV infection was given.
Methods. Retrospective analysis for 2000–2016 was conducted with monitoring data of Regional Clinical Hospital No. 2, Regional Clinical Center for the Prevention and Control of AIDS and Infectious Diseases, and reports and records of Regional Drug Abuse Clinic (form No. 11: ‘Report on drug addiction diseases’).
Results. The parenteral use of psychoactive narcotic substances prevails (69 %) in the structure of the infection channels of currently registered HIV-infected people. During the study, the administrative territories of the region with high and low prevalence of HIV infection and drug addiction were identified. A strong direct relationship (r = 0.72) was established between the levels of drug addiction and HIV infection.
Conclusions. The main way of HIV transmission in the Primorsky Territory is parenteral, which affects injecting drug users, remains relevant to this day. At the same time there is a tendency to increase the share of the sexual way of transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus, and often injecting drug users or people, who have ever used narcotic substances, sexually contaminate their partners. The number of HIV-infected people in the group of injecting drug users is also growing steadily.

Links to authors:

E.S. Pozdeeva, R.V. Omelchenko, Yu.N. Nikitina, M.S. Kornilov
Pacific State Medical University (2 Ostryakova Ave. Vladivostok 690002 Russian Federation)


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