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Epidemiological features of Klebsiella spp. and Acinetobacter spp. infections in the children hospital

Written by Kuzmenko S.A., Shmakova M.A., Shternis Т.А., Sakharova V.M., Brezhneva N.I., Brusina E.B.

  UDK: 616–036.22:579.842.16–053.2–082 | Pages: 83–86 | Full text PDF | Open PDF 

Annotation:

Objective. Despite the international data available on healthcareassociated infections in selected groups of patients, there is a lack of large and good quality studies. Pediatric studies focusing on healthcare infections in this type of patients should be done in order to deepen our understanding on associated risk factors and possible intervention areas.
Methods. The descriptive retrospective epidemiological study of Acinetobacter spp. and Klebsiella pneumoniae cases in children’s departments of health care was performed in Kemerovo regions (2012–2017).
Results. A total of 129,430 patient treatment outcomes were studied, in 1380 K. pneumoniae and 201 Acinetobacter spp. were isolated. The incidence of Acinetobacter spp. in adults, 3.2 times higher than in children. The risk of Klebsiella ssp. infection was in 13 times higher than Acinetobacter spp. infection.
Conclusions. We revealed decreasing trend in colonization Klebsiella spp. and Acinetobacter spp. incidence. Patients who were treated by intensive care medical technologies were under at the highest risk of infections, especially in case of invasive and noninvasive respiratory constant positive airway pressure support by combination.

Links to authors:

S.A. Kuzmenko1, 2, M.A. Shmakova1, Т.А. Shternis1, V.M. Sakharova3, N.I. Brezhneva2, E.B. Brusina1, 3
1 Kemerovo State Medical University (22а Voroshilova St. Kemerovo 650056 Russian Federation),
2 Regional Children›s Clinical Hospital (21 Voroshilova St. Kemerovo 650056 Russian Federation),
3 Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases (6 Sosnovy Boul. Kemerovo 650002 Russian Federation)


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