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Influence of drinking on sleep, physical health and social interactions in the russian community dwelling elderly in urban areas

Written by Von Fingerhut G., Matsuda H., Okamoto N., Takao T., Maki N., Wang X., Araki A., Ding J.

  UDK: 613.98:613.81:613.79 | DOI: 10.17238/PmJ1609-1175.2019.2.58–61 | Pages: 58–61 | Full text PDF | Open PDF 

Annotation:

Objective: Analysis of factors related to the use of alcohol, physical and social consequences of its use among older Russians.
Methods: An inquiring questionnaire survey among 60+ Russian community-dwelling elderly (n = 65) in pansionat in urban district with drinking habits, basic attributes, lifestyle, health status, conversation, SF-8, GDS, and PSQI were analyzed. Logistic regression analysis was performed between drinking and non-drinking groups and compared by χ2 test and t-test.
Results: As the result of logistic regression analysis, we found that alcohol intake was significantly associated with sleep disorders (OR = 5.015; 95 % CI: 1.25–19.9), cardiovascular diseases (OR = 0.208; 95 % CI: 0.06–0.75) and work as the favourite topic to talk (OR = 6.125; 95 % CI: 1.40–26.8). Conclusion: Due to ageing-related decrease in functioning of sympathetic nervous system, alcohol intake could lead to sleep disorders, whereas moderate alcohol intake among Russian geriatric population should be considered. Current data shows lower risk of cardiovascular disease among drinking group, however due to negative influence on sleep and no reports on causal relations among drinking, sleep and cardiovascular diseases, drinking as a substitution for cardiovascular diseases is not recommended. Retirement among Russian community dwelling elderly in urban areas could substitute alcohol drinking, what should be considered in current policy-making as for increase of retirement age and pensions for unemployed elderly population.

Links to authors:

G. von Fingerhut1, H. Matsuda1, N. Okamoto1, T. Takao2, N. Maki1, X. Wang1, A. Araki2, J. Ding1
1 University of Tsukuba (Comprehensive Research Building D, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture, 305-8577 Japan),
2 Tsukuba International University (6-8-33 Manabe, Tsuchiura, Ibaraki Prefecture, 300-0051 Japan)


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